Willimantic Victorian Architecture

Styles of Houses: Second Empire, Stick, Queen Anne, Shingle, Richardsonian Romanesque and Folk Victorian


Second Empire: Mansard (dual-pitched hipped) roof with dormer windows on steep lower slope; molded cornices normally bound the lower roof slope both above and below; decorative brackets usually present beneath eaves.



Stick: Gabled roof, usually steeply pitched with cross gables; gables commonly show decorative trusses at apex; overhanging eaves, usually with exposed rafter ends (normally replaced by brackets in town houses); wooden wall cladding (shingles or boards) interrupted by patterns of horizontal, vertical or diagonal boards (stickwork) raised from wall surface for emphasis; porches commonly show diagonal or curved braces. (Few houses show all of these features in combination).



Queen Anne: Steeply pitched roof or irregular shape, usually with a dominant front-facing gable; patterned shingles, cutaway bay windows, and other devices used to avoid a smooth-walled appearance; asymmetrical facade with partial or full-width porch which is usually one story high and extended along one or both side walls.



Shingle: Wall cladding and roofing of continuous wood shingles (shingled walls may occur on second story only; original wooden roofing now replaced by composition shingles on most examples); shingled walls without interruption at corners (no corner boards); asymmetrical facade with irregular, steeply pitched roof line; roofs usually have intersecting cross gables and multi-level eaves; commonly with extensive porches (may be small or absent in urban examples).



Richardsonian Romanesque: Round-topped arches occurring over windows, porch supports, or entrance; masonry walls, usually with rough-faced, squared stonework; most have towers which are normally round with conical roofs; facade usually asymmetrical.




Folk Victorian: Porches with spindlework detailing (turned spindles and lace-like spandrels) or flat, jig-saw cut trim appended to National Folk (post-railroad) house forms; symmetrical facade (except gable-front-and-wing subtype); cornice-line brackets are common.

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